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Miniature Poodle Health Issues You Should Know

Miniature Poodles are a smaller variety of the Poodle breed and they need to be taken care of in order to prevent long-term health issues. They have a teddy-bear like appearance and can act as a loyal companion for life.

Miniature Poodles can have health problems, but they can be managed with proper care.

This article outlines the major health considerations associated with the Miniature Poodle.

Cushing’s Disease

Cushing’s disease is when the adrenal glands make too much steroid hormone. Miniature Poodles are especially prone to this condition.

This condition typically progresses slowly, making it difficult to recognize the initial signs and symptoms. Be mindful of the following indicators:

  • Miniature poodles may have increased fluid intake and excretion. This can be a sign of kidney disease, diabetes, or other illness. In order to determine if this is happening in your poodle, it’s important to monitor their drinking habits and urinating frequency. If they seem to drink more water than usual or are urinating more often.
  • Reduced Activity Levels: One of the most common health issues in miniature poodles is reduced activity levels. This condition is caused by a variety of factors, such as age and genetics. As your mini poodle ages, their activity levels can naturally decline due to joint problems, muscle weakness, and decreased stamina. Some miniature poodles may be predisposed to certain genetic conditions that cause them to be.
  • Thin Skin: Thin skin is a health issue that can affect miniature poodles, most often due to their genetic makeup. This disorder causes the skin on the dog to become extremely thin and fragile, making it prone to injury. Thin skin symptoms include easy bruising or tearing, flaky and scaly skin, visible veins and arteries, patchy or overall hair loss, and heightened sensitivity.
  • Potbelly: a common health issue in miniature poodles. It occurs when the dog’s abdomen becomes abnormally rounded due to an accumulation of fat in the belly area. This condition can be caused by a diet high in fat and sugar, lack of exercise, or even certain medical conditions such as hypothyroidism. Symptoms include an enlarged stomach, lack of energy and difficulty breathing.
  • Hair Loss:  also known as alopecia, is a common health issue for miniature poodles. This condition can be caused by a variety of factors including allergies, genetics, poor nutrition and even age. Alopecia can also be linked to skin conditions such as mange and dermatitis. In some cases, hair loss may only be temporary, while in other cases it can beHair Loss

If your Mini Poodle is found to have Cushing’s disease, it may be treated with oral medications and monitored with routine check-ups.

Cushing’s disease is a common health issue found in many breeds of dogs, including Miniature Poodles. Cushing’s disease happens when the body makes too much cortisol, causing symptoms like increased thirst, weight gain, and behavior changes.


Miniature Poodles are more likely to get diabetes and need insulin shots every day.

If diabetes is detected early and managed correctly, it can improve quality of life. Similarly, a Mini Poodle’s lifespan can be extended with proper nutrition and health management.

Mini Poodles with diabetes may show signs like increased thirst, frequent urination, weight loss, fatigue, and sweet breath. If these symptoms are present or suspected, it is important to take the dog to a veterinarian for a full examination.

Diabetes can be managed through a combination of diet and medication. Dogs with diabetes should eat a diet high in fiber and low in carbohydrates. They also need insulin injections to control their blood sugar levels.

Eye Disease

  • Miniature Poodles may have eye problems, some of which are genetic, like cataracts, glaucoma, PRA, and dry eye. These conditions can lead to vision loss or blindness if not treated in time. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian can help diagnose and treat any eye issues.
  • Glaucoma is the result of an increase in pressure within the eye caused by a buildup of fluid. Symptoms include redness, swelling, and cloudiness of the eyes. If left untreated, it can lead to permanent vision loss. Treatment for glaucoma typically involves drugs to reduce intraocular pressure.
  • Cataracts are a common eye condition in dogs that can cause partial or complete vision loss. They occur when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, impairing light from reaching the retina. Cataracts can be treated surgically, but in some cases a Mini Poodle may require lifelong management with eye drops or other medications.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) is an inherited eye disease that affects certain breeds of dogs, including the miniature poodle. It is a degenerative eye disorder that can lead to total blindness in affected dogs.
  • PRA is caused by a genetic mutation that affects the cells of the retina, which control vision. In the early stages of PRA, the rod cells in.
  • Dry eye is a common health issue that affects many breeds of dogs, including the Miniature Poodle. It occurs when the eyes do not produce enough tears to keep them lubricated and nourished. Symptoms of dry eye include redness, irritation, itchy eyes, discharge, and squinting. If left untreated, dry eye can lead to permanent damage to the eyes.

Heart Disease

Miniature Poodles are more likely to suffer from heart disease as they age, which is caused by valve weakness and deformation leading to a leakage of blood around the affected valve.

Mini Poodles exhibiting signs of heart problems or murmurs may require further testing to assess the severity of a heart valve disease, also known as mitral valve disease. A veterinary professional should be consulted in such cases.

Early diagnosis of heart disease in canines is advantageous and preventive measures may include dental care, fatty acid supplementation and weight control.

Bone and Joint Issues

Miniature Poodles may be at risk of various musculoskeletal and orthopedic ailments. If your pet has these problems, veterinarians can provide diagnosis and treatment as well as monitoring for pain relief. Education about the diseases can also help your pet to enjoy a longer life.

Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease is a degenerative hip disorder that affects young Miniature Poodles. The exact causes are unknown, but it is believed to be due to an insufficient blood supply to the hips, resulting in brittleness and fractures in the femoral head.

At around 6-9 months of age, Mini Poodles may experience discomfort and difficulty walking in their rear legs. Generally, surgery is necessary to address the issue.

Miniature Poodles may occasionally suffer from patellar luxation, where the kneecap is temporarily displaced. This can be identified by the dog skipping or hopping, then trying to kick its leg out sideways which causes the kneecap to pop back into place.

Depending on the severity of the case, treatment for arthritis may involve medication or surgery administered by a veterinarian.

Miniature Poodles commonly experience joint conditions, such as hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia, which are more common in Standard Poodles.

Bleeding Disorders

Miniature Poodles are more likely to have a few rare inherited bleeding disorders than other dog breeds, which can range from mild to serious.

  • Thrombocytopenia and hemolytic anemia occur when the immune system malfunctions and starts to attack platelets or red blood cells. This causes weakness, lethargy, anemia and paleness of the gums. Furthermore, clotting may be hindered, resulting in bruising and abnormal bleeding.
  • Miniature Poodles are more likely to be affected by Von Willebrand’s disease, a blood clotting disorder that requires diagnostic testing and DNA blood tests for confirmation. Surgery is generally employed as an intervention.

Skin Conditions

Miniature Poodles can be prone to certain skin conditions and illnesses.

Malassezia dermatitis, a common condition that is caused by yeast, can manifest itself in various ways. In the ears, it causes redness, itching and brown waxy discharge while skin affected with this condition shows greasy and hairless areas around the throat and neck.

Seborrhea is a skin condition that can present with either greasy, oily skin or dry, flaky skin. It can lead to itchiness and discomfort for the dog. Treatment typically involves frequent bathing using special rinses and shampoos; if allergies are diagnosed, medication may be prescribed by a veterinarian.

Neurological Diseases

Miniature Poodles may be prone to neurological diseases, such as loss of balance, epilepsy, tremors, excessive sleeping, and shivering. If any of these signs are observed in your Miniature Poodle, it is important to contact an emergency veterinary clinic promptly.

The veterinarian may recommend medication and/or surgery for the long term, based on the illness.

In addition to neurological diseases, Miniature Poodles may be prone to genetic health issues such as hip dysplasia and patellar luxation. Hip dysplasia occurs when the thighbone does not fit properly into the socket of the hip joint, leading to pain and lameness in the back legs. Patellar luxation is a condition where the kneecap moves out of place, causing discomfort and limping.

Regular vet visits, a nutritious diet, and exercise are essential for keeping your Miniature Poodle healthy. If any signs of illness or injury occur, contact your veterinarian immediately for diagnosis and treatment.

Genetic Diseases

Unfortunately, due to their genetic makeup, the miniature poodle is prone to certain health issues that can be difficult to diagnose and manage. One such issue is the presence of genetic diseases.

The most common genetic diseases in miniature poodles are kidney problems, hip dysplasia, epilepsy, immune system disorders, and heart problems.

While there are no guarantees, you can increase your probability in trying to prevent these issues, by limiting your purchase to a reputable breeder who provides regular health screenings for their puppies. Additionally, it is recommended that all miniature poodles be kept up-to-date on their vaccinations and receive regular vet check-ups. 

Retinal Atrophy

Retinal Atrophy (RA) is a condition that affects the eyes of miniature poodles and other breeds of dogs. It is an inherited degenerative disorder that causes the retinal cells to deteriorate over time, leading to progressive vision loss. Symptoms can range from mild changes in the way objects appear to complete blindness.

There are several different types of Retinal Atrophy , and diagnosis is based on a combination of genetic testing and an ophthalmological examination. Treatment options are limited to controlling signs such as pain and providing support to improve quality of life. 


Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a rare autoimmune disorder caused by the immune system mistakenly triggering an attack on its own tissues. Inflammation of the internal organs, joints, and skin can occur, and in some severe cases it can be fatal.

Miniature Poodles are reported to have the earliest onset of lupus symptoms that occur between 3-7 years. Treatment of lupus in dogs is reliant upon medications and limiting exposure to sunlight, such as applying dog-safe sunscreen on the nose and ears.

Bladder or Kidney Stones

Miniature Poodles may be more prone to developing kidney or bladder stones, which are formed from various kinds of stones.

Veterinarians will periodically check your dog’s urine for signs of bladder or kidney stones, which can cause discomfort.

If your dog has blood in its urine, strains while passing urine, or is unable to pass urine, it is considered a medical emergency and should be brought to the veterinarian.


Miniature Poodles usually have a long life expectancy, but they tend to be prone to cancer as they age. Early identification is essential in cases of cancer; surgical removal or chemotherapy may be recommended by a veterinarian.

Common types of cancer in Miniature Poodles include lymphoma, hemangiosarcoma, mast cell tumors and various forms of skin cancer. Lymphoma is the most common type of cancer in the breed, and it can affect any organ or tissue in their body. Hemangiosarcoma is a malignant tumor found in the lining of blood vessels; this type of cancer is more common in older dogs.

Gum Disease

Periodontal disease is a common problem in dogs, including Miniature Poodles. Poor dental hygiene can cause plaque and tartar buildup, resulting in gingivitis and periodontal disease. If periodontal disease is left untreated, it can lead to severe inflammation of the gums, teeth, and jaw, as well as infection and tooth loss.

Regular dental cleanings and check-ups are recommended to prevent periodontal disease in your pet. Additionally, brushing your dog’s teeth at least twice a week can help keep their gums and teeth healthy.

Liver Disease

Miniature Poodles can be prone to liver disorders, such as portosystemic shunt (PSS). In this case, some of the blood circulation meant for the liver is diverted and does not reach the organ, resulting in an inadequate functioning.

Mini Poodles with PSS may have difficulty removing toxins from their blood, and this condition can be identified through a liver function or pre-anesthetic panel. In some instances, surgery might be necessary. Treatment typically consists of medication and specific dietary requirements.

Gastrointestinal disorders.

Certain hereditary conditions in dogs can be associated with signs like diarrhea, vomiting, reduced appetite and weight loss. Some of these diseases can involve the pancreas, intestines, and other health issues such as gastric dilatation-volvulus, allergies or food sensitivities.

Digestive diseases may present in early stages of life, but adopting a dry food diet with low amounts of fat, artificial ingredients and sodium can help reduce the risk of such symptoms. Avoiding table food, snacks and treats with a similarly elevated content is advised.

Tracheal Collapse

The trachea, commonly known as the windpipe, consists of circular cartilage rings resembling the ridged hose of a vacuum cleaner. These rings provide both strength and flexibility, however, affected individuals may experience weakened or malformed rings that can cause narrowing and difficulty in breathing accompanied by coughing.

Treatment for mild tracheal collapse may be managed with medication, while severe conditions may require surgery.

Miniature Poodles are particularly prone to tracheal collapse due to their small windpipe size. Signs of tracheal collapse in Miniature Poodles can include a honking cough, difficulty breathing, and exercise intolerance. If not treated, tracheal collapse can lead to respiratory failure and death.

The most effective treatment for tracheal collapse is surgery, which

involves the placement of stents or rings along the trachea to provide support and increase airway diameter. Depending on the severity, medications such as bronchodilators and/or corticosteroids may also be used to reduce inflammation and improve airway flow. Other treatments such as weight loss, avoiding exposure to environmental irritants, and limiting how much exercise a dog can do can also help.

Dental Disease or Abnormalities

Miniature Poodles are susceptible to dental issues, such as the accumulation of tartar. If left untreated, this can lead to gum and root infections, potentially causing tooth loss and negatively impacting internal organs.

Miniature Poodles can have various dental abnormalities, including an overbite or under bite, oligodontia, misalignment of teeth and more. These issues can be resolved through orthodontic treatments involving braces or extractions performed by veterinary professionals.

Dental disease in Miniature Poodles can also cause pain and discomfort, leading to difficulty eating and drinking. In addition, it can lead to other health issues such as malnutrition, bad breath, weight loss, dehydration, heart problems and more.

It is important to pay attention to your Miniature Poodle’s dental health. Regular brushing with a toothpaste designed specifically for dogs will help keep their teeth and gums healthy. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian can help identify any issues before they become serious.


Miniature Poodles can be prone to bacterial and viral infections like distemper, parvo, and rabies. To ensure your dog’s health, they should be vaccinated against these potential illnesses.

In addition to viral and bacterial infections, Miniature Poodles can also be susceptible to fungal infections. Ringworm is a common fungal infection in dogs, and it’s easily spread between animals. It can cause skin lesions, hair loss, and itching. Ear infections can also be caused by fungus, as well as ear mites or foreign objects lodged in the ear canal. Regularly cleaning your dog’s ears and getting them checked by a veterinarian can help prevent such infections.


Miniature Poodles are susceptible to obesity, which can lead to joint issues, back pain, heart disease, metabolic disorders, and digestive issues among other complications.

Feeding your dog human food is not recommended and can cause weight gain and other health issues if given in excess. Be mindful when deciding how much to feed your dog and resist giving into their pleas.

Regular exercise is important for any dog, especially the Miniature Poodle. Take your pup for walks and play fetch several times a week. This will help them maintain a healthy weight and keep their muscles strong.

If your Miniature Poodle has gained too much weight, you should speak to your vet about a nutritional plan and an exercise routine that is suitable for their size and age.

Legg-Perthes Disease

Legg-Perthes Disease is an orthopedic disorder that impacts the hip joint of small breed dogs. The femoral head, which is the ball at the top of a dog’s thighbone, develops abnormally and eventually disintegrates due to lack of blood supply. This leads to inflammation and pain in the affected area.

Symptoms can include limping, stiffness , and reluctance to move. Treatment typically includes anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, and eventually surgery.

Note: Hip socket issues are one of the most common orthopedic concerns associated with Miniature Poodles. Hip Socket Dysplasia (HSD) is a genetic condition that can cause pain, lameness and even paralysis in Miniature Poodles. HSD occurs when the hip socket does not develop properly, causing an abnormal fit between the femur head and the hip socket. This can cause pain and stiffness in the affected area, as well as difficulty walking or running. Treatment for HSD typically consists of medication and physical therapy. Surgery may be necessary for severe cases.


Miniature Poodles are prone to infestations of fleas, ticks, ear mites, and worms that can be detrimental to their health. Several types of worms in particular pose a risk, including heartworms, roundworms, and whipworms.

Parasites can enter your dog’s system through unclean drinking water, bug bites and contact with contaminated soil. These parasites can also be transmitted to humans and cause infection for both pet and owner.

It is important to regularly have your dog tested for parasites. Your vet may propose preventative medication to maintain their health.

Guidelines for the Care of Miniature Poodles

Miniature Poodles typically have a life expectancy of 13-15 years if they receive appropriate care. Even if your poodle is diagnosed with a certain illnesses, they can lead healthy lives with proper monitoring and regular maintenance.

To ensure your Mini Poodle’s long-term health, it is important to provide proper care. Here are some tips to help you do that effectively.

  • It is recommended that pets receive routine veterinary consultations at least once a year to detect or diagnose any illnesses for early treatment. Vaccinations should also be kept up-to-date annually. If any symptoms are exhibited, the pet should be taken to the veterinarian promptly.
  • Spaying or neuter your dog may reduce the risk of certain illnesses, as well as decreasing unwanted pregnancies. Additionally, it is suggested to have regular health check-ups in order to identify any potential future issues.
  • Take measures to ensure your Mini Poodle stays safe by pet-proofing your home and supervising it in the same manner as you would a child.
  • Miniature Poodles require regular grooming, such as brushing their coat and bathing every 4-6 weeks. They also need their eyes and ears cleaned when needed. It is recommended to have professional groomers bathe the dog to ensure they are completely cleaned.
  • It is recommended to brush your Mini Poodle’s teeth every other day in order to help prevent dental issues.
  • The veterinarian can advise regarding the type of food and dietary requirements for your dog depending on age, size, and any special needs. Follow the recommended feeding guidelines for your Miniature Poodle and give treats in moderation to maintain a healthy weight.
  • Miniature poodles have high activity levels and should be exercised for 45 minutes daily. Provide exercise and mental stimulation through activities like walks, swims, games, and obedience training. Supplying a game of fetch will help the physical needs of your dog besides these activities.