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Miniature Poodle Health Issues You Should Know

Like any other dog, A Miniature Poodle is your best friend for life. Looking like a small teddy bear, you’ll want to make sure you take care of this smaller poodle variety to prevent long-term issues.

Unfortunately, Miniature Poodles are prone to common health issues, which you need to watch out for longer, healthy life. Don’t worry; there’s good news! With proper care and awareness of such health conditions, you can catch any diseases and treat them as soon as possible, so your dogs live normal lives.

This article will show you the major health concerns of the Miniature Poodle.

Cushing’s Disease

Cushing’s disease refers to the malfunction of the adrenal glands, which causes them to produce a lot of the steroid hormone. It’s a common issue in dogs, and Miniature Poodles are likely affected.

The condition would usually develop slowly, and it’s easy to miss the early signs and symptoms. Watch out for any of these symptoms:

  • Drinking and urinating more than normal
  • Increased appetite
  • Reduced activity levels
  • Thin skin
  • Potbelly
  • Hair loss

If a veterinarian diagnosed your Mini Poodle with Cushing’s disease, treatment comprises oral medications such as hormone supplements and close coordination with routine check-ups.


Diabetes is a common disease in dogs, with Miniature Poodles having a higher risk than other breeds. Dogs diagnosed with diabetes can’t regulate their metabolism of sugars and need insulin injections daily.

Diabetes is a severe condition, and it’s crucial to have it diagnosed and treated early on for a better quality of life. Provided you care for your Mini Poodle properly, he can live as long as other normal dogs.

Eye Disease

Eye disorders are common in Miniature Poodles, and they can inherit genetic diseases like glaucoma and cataracts. Such conditions can cause blindness if left untreated. These conditions are excruciating and uncomfortable, affecting the dog’s quality of life.

Heart Disease

Heart disease is a leading cause of death in Miniature Poodles once they reach their senior years. Most heart diseases are due to a dog’s valve weakening and slowly deforming until it can’t close tightly. Blood will then leak back around the valve, straining the heart.

Pets with a heart valve disease, also called mitral valve disease, would also have a heart murmur. If your Mini Poodle has a heart murmur or signs of heart problems, then take him to the veterinarian, who will perform testing to determine how severe the disease is.

If diagnosed early, your dog’s veterinarian can prescribe medications to prolong his life span. You can prevent heart disease through dental care, fatty acid supplements, and weight control.

Bone and Joint Issues

Miniature Poodles can have the risk of various musculoskeletal and orthopedic issues, and while it’s overwhelming, veterinarians can diagnose and treat them to prevent pain. If your pet has a bone or joint problem, proper treatment, diligent observation, and knowledge of the diseases can help him live long.

Young Miniature Poodles are at risk of a painful degenerative hip disorder known as Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease. There aren’t any exact causes of Legg-Perthes disease, though it’s taught to be an issue with blood supply to the hips, causing the femoral head to brittle and fracture easily.

It happens when your Mini Poodle hits 6-9 months old, causing pain and lameness in the rear legs. Usually, such a condition will require surgery.

Patellar luxation can also occur in Miniature Poodles, which happens when your dog’s patella slips out of place. You’ll notice this condition if your dog skips or hops for strides, then tries kicking its leg out sideways, popping the kneecap back in place.

Veterinarians will treat it with arthritis medication or surgery, depending on the severity.

While more common in a Standard Poodle, canine hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia are common joint conditions Miniature Poodles have. 

Bleeding Disorders

Different kinds of inherited bleeding disorders occur in dogs, ranging from mild to severe. Unfortunately, with Miniature Poodles, they are prone to a few rare blood disorders, such as:

  • Thrombocytopenia and hemolytic anemia happen when the immune system goes haywire. Because of that, it attacks the platelets or red blood cells. When that happens, your dog becomes weak, lethargic, anemic, and the gums will also look yellow or whitish. As a result, your dog’s blood won’t clot adequately, causing bruising and abnormal bleeding.
  • Von Willebrand’s disease is another blood-clotting disease often found in Miniature Poodles. Veterinarians conduct diagnostic testing and DNA blood tests to diagnose the problem, and surgery is usually the intervention.

Skin Conditions

Miniature Poodles are susceptible to various skin infections and diseases.

One common condition, Malassezia dermatitis, is caused by yeast. Once it affects your dog’s ears, it will cause redness, itching, and brown, waxy discharge. If it affects the skin, it results in greasy and hairless areas, particularly around the throat and neck.

Another skin condition, seborrhea, causes greasy, oily skin or dry, flaky skin. The condition can cause your dog to feel itchy and uncomfortable. You can bathe your dog with special rinses and shampoos, but if your veterinarian diagnoses any allergies, he will treat them with appropriate medication.

Neurological Diseases

Miniature Poodles can suffer from neurological diseases, including imbalance, canine epilepsy, tremors, excessive sleeping, and tremors. If you notice your Mini Poodle experiences any of these symptoms, you must seek immediate emergency veterinary care.

The veterinarian will prescribe lifelong medication and maybe surgery, depending on the disease.


The immune system causes this rare autoimmune disease, also known as systemic lupus erythematosus attacking itself. The condition results in chronic inflammation of the internal organs, joints, and skin. In very severe cases, it can lead to death.

Miniature Poodles are more affected, with symptoms beginning at about 3-7 years old. There are no cures to lupus, but the dog can manage the symptoms with medications. Sunlight may cause flare-ups, so avoid exposure to sunlight and use dog-safe sunscreen on the nose and ears.

Bladder or Kidney Stones

Various kinds of stones may form in the bladder or kidney. Miniature Poodles are more likely to develop kidney or bladder stones than other dog breeds.

Veterinarians will test for his urine periodically for any signs showing a presence of bladder or kidney stones. Note that these are very painful for your dog!

If your dog has blood in his urine, strains when urinating, or can’t urinate at all, then it’s a medical emergency, and you must take him to the veterinarian.


Miniature Poodles are more likely to live longer than other breeds, so they are more prone to cancer as he reaches old age. Early detection is crucial here, as veterinarians can cure cancer by surgically removing them or treating it with chemotherapy.

Liver Disease

Besides cancer, Miniature Poodles are more likely to get a liver disorder known as a portosystemic shunt (PSS). Some of the blood supply that must head to the liver would go around it instead. That would deprive your dog’s liver of the blood flow required for the organ to grow and function adequately.

If your Mini Poodle has PSS, then his liver wouldn’t be able to remove toxins from his blood correctly. Veterinarians would test for this condition through a liver function test and pre-anesthetic panel whenever he undergoes procedures with anesthesia. Sometimes, your dog might require surgery, though you can treat the disease with medication and a special diet.

Digestive Disorders or Gastrointestinal Issues

Various hereditary conditions may cause diarrhea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and weight loss in dogs. Such diseases would affect the pancreas and intestines, and other illnesses like gastric dilatation-volvulus, allergies, or food sensitivities.

Some of these digestive diseases begin at an early age, but you can prevent the symptoms through a high-quality dry food diet. Avoid table food, snacks, and treats high in fat, artificial ingredients, and sodium.

Tracheal Collapse

The windpipe, or the trachea, is made of cartilage rings, which look like a vacuum’s ridged hose. The trachea offers strength and flexibility, but unfortunately, cartilage rings weaken or form incorrectly. Such a condition causes your trachea to collapse or become narrow, leading to coughing and difficulty in breathing.

Veterinarians can treat mild tracheal collapse with medication, requiring surgery for severe conditions of significant concern.

Dental Disease or Abnormalities

Miniature Poodles are likely to have dental issues, beginning with tartar build-up. If left untreated, it can lead to infections to the gums and roots of the teeth. That can also result in teeth loss and organ damage.

Teeth abnormalities may also occur in Miniature Poodles, such as an overbite or under bite. Oligodontia is another dental abnormality occurring when only a few teeth are present, along with misaligned teeth, which causes problems, and veterinarians can intervene with braces or extractions.


Miniature Poodles are at risk of bacterial and viral infections like distemper, parvo, and rabies. Veterinarians would vaccinate your dog to prevent such infectious diseases from happening.


Obesity is another significant health problem Miniature Poodles can suffer from in the long run. It’s a severe disease that may cause or worsen joint problems, back pain, heart disease, metabolic disorders, digestive diseases, and even more.

While you might want to give your dog more food, whether for humans or dogs, you should only give him the right food in amounts to avoid unnecessary weight gain. Don’t give in to those puppy eyes; the human food is not healthy for your dog and can cause mild to severe issues in the long run.


Fleas, ticks, ear mites, worms, and other bugs can invade your Miniature Poodle’s body, in or out, causing potential health issues. Many kinds of worms can cause health issues, such as heartworms, roundworms, and whipworms.

Parasites come because your dog drank unclean drinking water, got bitten by an infected bug, or walked on uncontaminated soil. Not only can parasites infect your dogs, but to humans as well, so both you and your dog can become affected.

It’s essential to test your dog regularly for any parasites. Your vet may recommend preventative medication to stay healthy.

Caring for Your Miniature Poodle

Miniature Poodles are a relatively healthy breed with an average life expectancy of 13-15 years if their owners take care of them well. Even if your veterinarian diagnosed your dog with specific diseases, they could live normal lives with proper supervision and routine care.

To prevent your Mini Poodle from experiencing any symptoms and diseases mentioned above, you must care for your dog correctly. Here are efficient tips to help care for your furry friend excellently to help him live a long, healthy life.

  • Take your pet for routine veterinary consultations at least once a year to prevent or diagnose any diseases for early treatment. It would be best to have your dog’s vaccinations updated yearly. If your Mini Poodle experiences any symptoms, immediately take him to the veterinarian.
  • Have your dog spayed or neutered, preventing some diseases and unwanted pregnancies. Also, conduct health clearances for your dog to identify any potential risks of conditions for the long run.
  • Supervise your Mini Poodle like you would with your child. Pet-proof your home so you can keep it safe and free from any forbidden objects.
  • Miniature Poodles have extensive grooming requirements. Brush your dog’s coat daily, bathe your dog every 4-6 weeks, and clean its eyes and ears regularly. You may want a professional groomer to do the bathing process to clean his coat thoroughly. 
  • Brush your Mini Poodle’s teeth every other day to prevent any dental issues.
  • Ask the veterinarian about what kind of dog food and diet your dog needs, depending on his age, size, and special needs. Feed your Miniature Poodle the right amount of food daily and give him treats sparingly to maintain a healthy weight.
  • Miniature Poodles have high activity levels and need at least 45 minutes of daily exercise. Do not overdo your dog’s exercise needs, ensuring that your dog gets walks, swims, and a lot of mental stimulation through games and training. Take your dog obedience training, paired alongside physical activities like a game of fetch.